Uganda, officially the Republic of Uganda, is a country in East Africa, bordered on the east by Kenya, the north by Sudan, on the west by the Democratic Republic of Congo, on the southwest by Rwanda, and on the south by Tanzania. Uganda takes its name from the Buganda kingdom, which encompasses a portion of the south of the country including the capital Kampala.
Uganda has been hailed as a rare success story in the fight against HIV and AIDS, widely being viewed as the most effective national response to the pandemic in sub-Saharan Africa. Uganda quickly realized that HIV/AIDS was more than a ‘health’ issue and in 1992 created a multi-sectoral AIDS Control Approach. In addition, the Uganda AIDS Commission, also founded in 1992, has been instrumental in developing a national HIV/AIDS policy. Uganda was the first country to open a VCT clinic in Africa and pioneered the concept of voluntary HIV testing centers in Sub-Saharan Africa.
Kabarole District, where most of our work takes place, was originally part of the Toro Kingdom. Following the abolition of Kingdoms in 1967, the kingdom became a district composed of present day Kasese, Kamwenge, Kyenjojo, Bundibugyo and Kabarole Districts. The current population of the district is 400,000. The district has a total of 127 primary schools (113 government, 9 private and 5 community) and a total of 31 secondary schools (14 government, 5 private and 5 community).
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